TCJ 2O

SPECIFIC EXPECTATIONS 
By the end of this course, students will:

B1.

B1.1 follow the steps of a design process to plan and develop a construction project (e.g., analyse the situation or context; identify the need or problem; generate solutions to address the need; conduct research to determine constraints and availability of materials; build a model; test the model; modify the design as necessary; build the project according to the final design) (see pp. 18–19);
B1.2 use appropriate problemsolving processes and techniques (see pp. 16–19) to address various specific problems or challenges that may arise in connection with a construction project; B1.3 apply appropriate technological concepts (e.g., aesthetics, control, environmental sustainability/stewardship, ergonomics, fabrication, function, innovation, material, mechanism, power and energy, structure, safety, systems) as they work through design and/or problemsolving processes (see pp. 5–6); B1.4 use appropriate design elements and principles (e.g., elements: line, shape, direction, space, texture, colour; principles: balance, scale, proportion, contrast, unity) to enhance the appearance and functionality of construction projects; B1.5 identify standards, regulations, and building codes that affect the design, layout, and details of construction projects (e.g., spacing of studs in a wall, incline on access ramps, heights of counters and furniture). B2.1 produce sketches, technical drawings, and detail drawings to represent design ideas and solutions for a variety of construction projects; B2.2 identify basic drawing conventions used in construction drawings (e.g., scales, metric and imperial dimensioning, notes, views, line types, symbols, abbreviations); B2.3 interpret technical drawings accurately when working on construction projects (e.g., determine dimensions and materials from a drawing). B3.1 apply relevant mathematical concepts and formulas when preparing components of a construction project (e.g., determine dimensions, shapes, quantities, areas, and angles); B3.2 convert fractions to decimals and vice versa for typical construction tasks (e.g., determining length, circumference, radius, diameter, perimeter, area, or volume); B3.3 use appropriate metric and imperial approximations for sizes commonly used in the construction industry (e.g., 1 / 8 inch≈3 mm), and find equivalents for measurements when required, using appropriate charts and tables; B3.4 determine lengths and diameters of fastening devices needed to assemble various construction projects (e.g., lengths and gauges of screws, nails, and staples; diameters of dowels), using appropriate metric and/or imperial units; B3.5 prepare estimates, using appropriate metric and/or imperial units (e.g., centimetres, square metres, cubic metres, litres, inches, board feet, square feet, cubic yards), of the materials required to complete construction projects (e.g., volume of concrete, area of roofing, number and type of fasteners), and estimate the cost of these materials. 